Animal Slaughter Laws

The Mercy for Animals petition calls for poultry to be protected under the Humane Slaughter Methods Act (HMSA), which dates back to 1958. Its most important rule requires that farm animals be unconscious or cannot feel pain when slaughtered. It explicitly mentions cows, pigs, horses, pigs, mules and sheep. Chickens, turkeys and ducks – all of which are slaughtered much more frequently than mules for food – are not on the list and are therefore not protected. The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act, 7 U.S.C. 1901, was originally passed in 1958 and is one of the few legal protections for farm animals in the United States. The law, commonly referred to as the Humane Slaughter Act, unfortunately does not even cover most animals raised for food. The law also did not apply to fallen calves. However, the USDA`s Food Safety and Inspection Service announced in 2016 that facilities must offer humane euthanasia to sick, disabled, or dying calves. Until now, it was customary to throw calves aside and hope that they recover enough to go to the slaughterhouse on their own. This meant that the suffering calves languished for hours before being freed from their misery. With this new regulation, these calves must be immediately euthanized and prevented from producing food for humans. The USDA says covering poultry under HMSA would require a congressional bill to rewrite the bill.

Mercy for Animals` argument here is a bit clumsy; HmsA`s list of registered animals comes from the Federal Meat Inspection Act. The FMIA was updated in 2005 and the list of animals was removed and replaced with the term “accessible species”. Mercy for Animals claims that this gives the USDA the power to declare poultry species as “accessible” and thus fall under the LIMF and therefore also the HMSA. But the old list, which does not include poultry, remains in the HMSA. Mercy for Animals argues that while this wording has changed in the FMIA, it should also be changed in the RSA; This is not the case at the moment. Like other federal laws, the Humane Slaughter Act empowers an agency — in this case, the U.S. Department of Agriculture — to issue more specific regulations. While the law itself mentions “a single shot or an electrical, chemical or other means” to render animals unconscious, the federal regulations of 9 C.F.R. 313 go into great frightening detail about how each method should be performed. Learn about law enforcement and farm animal welfare at slaughter. [1] Livestock are covered by the Humane Methods of Slaughter of Livestock Act (www.animallaw.info/statute/us-food-animal-humane-methods-livestock-slaughter). Poultry theoretically falls under the Poultry Products Inspection Act, which classifies any deceased poultry in a manner other than slaughter (for example, by burning alive in diversion tanks, which the USDA recognizes) as adulterated – see section (g)(5) of www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/USCODE-2014-title21/html/USCODE-2014-title21-chap10-sec453.htm Congress has asked the GAO to ensure the welfare of horses since the cessation of domestic slaughter in 2007.

examine. The study was completed and published on June 22, 2011. b) By slaughter in accordance with the ritual requirements of the Jewish faith or any other religious belief that prescribes a method of slaughter in which the animal suffers a loss of consciousness due to anemia of the brain caused by the simultaneous and immediate cutting of the carotid arteries with a sharp instrument and the manipulation in connection with such slaughter. HMSA was designed to prevent unnecessary suffering by requiring farm animals to be treated humanely during slaughter. Before being tied, hoisted, discarded, discarded or cut, farm animals must be rendered insensitive to pain by gassing them with carbon dioxide, electrocuting them or shooting them in the head with a stun gun or bolt. However, HMSA has its limitations. For example, it applies to cattle, calves, horses, mules, sheep, pigs and goats, but not to birds or animals killed during ritual slaughter. HMSA also does not have a general enforcement provision, but inspectors can enforce regulations by stopping operations. However, rules on non-ambulatory farm animals are enforced and violations can result in criminal and civil penalties such as fines and imprisonment. The Minister of Agriculture has issued regulations that include the humane treatment of non-ambulatory farm animals (animals that cannot walk). See HMSA § 1907(b). These regulations prohibit the deliberate and incapacitated towing of livestock.

CFR § 313.2(d)(2). Disabled animals must be moved or stunned on appropriate equipment, such as stone boats, before being pulled, CFR § 313.2 (d) (2), (3). Dying, sick and disabled animals should also be equipped with a covered barn to protect them from adverse weather conditions while awaiting their final fate. CFR § 313.1(c), § 313.2(d)(1). If the animals are kept overnight, the stables should be large enough for them to lie down. CFR § 313.2(e). Animals must also have access to water and be fed if they are kept for more than 24 hours. CFR § 313.2(e). Anyone who violates the rules on the humane treatment of animals unable to walk can be subject to criminal and civil penalties. HMSA § 1907 (c).

In general, the penalty for knowingly violating is a fine or imprisonment, or both. 7 U.S.C.A. § 8313(a)(1)(A). If a person knowingly moves an animal that violates HMSA § 1907(b), they may face a fine or imprisonment of up to 5 years, or both. Id. at § 8313(a)(1)(B). Multiple violations can result in a fine and imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both. Id. in Article 8313(a)(2).